An area of approximately 1.1 million sq.km, elevations of 6400m (21000ft), rich rainforest jungles, seasonally flooded wetlands, rare dry forests, salt deserts, and abundant natural resources, make Bolivia an extraordinary mosaic of the high Andes. Plateaus, snow-capped mountains and volcanoes, impetuous rivers and beautiful lakes are home for more than 1350 species of birds, more than 320 species of mammals, 11000 species of plants, including hundreds of the beautiful orchid species.
However as rich as Bolivia is in terms of biodiversity, and natural resources, its best kept treasure, is its inhabitants. With almost 11 million residents, a majority of whom are of indigenous origin, Bolivia’s ethnic distribution is estimated to be 55% Indigenous (Quechua-29%, Aymara-24%, Chiquitano- 1%, Guarani-1%), 30% mestizos and 15% europeans.
The region of the present day Bolivia has probably been inhabited for some 20,000 years. The Tiwanaku (Tiahuanaco) culture developed at the southern-east end of Lake Titicaca, where these extraordinary people perfected advanced architectural and agricultural techniques before disappearing about 1200 A.D. Somewhat contemporaneous with the Tiwanaku culture, the Moxos in the eastern lowlands and the Mollos north of present-day La Paz, also developed advanced agricultural societies that disappeared by the 13th century. Around 1450, the Quechua-speaking Incas entered the areas of highland Bolivia and added it to their empire until the Spanish conquest in 1525..
Among other interesting touristic areas in Bolivia, we find the amazing Salar de Uyuni, the Lake Titicaca with the Sun and Moon Islands, the beautiful Cordillera Real de Bolivia and the hidden but spectacular Cordillera de Apolobamba. The Madidi National Park, the Beni Forest and Fauna Reserve are extraordinary places for Ecotourists and lovers of nature. All our tours are conducted by professional Bolivian guides and assisted by our efficient and charming office staff.